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banknote-authentication

banknote-authentication

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Author: Volker Lohweg Source: UCI Please cite: Source: Owner of database: Volker Lohweg (University of Applied Sciences, Ostwestfalen-Lippe, volker.lohweg '@' hs-owl.de) Donor of database: Helene Doerksen (University of Applied Sciences, Ostwestfalen-Lippe, helene.doerksen '@' hs-owl.de) . Date received: August, 2012 Data Set Information: Data were extracted from images that were taken from genuine and forged banknote-like specimens. For digitization, an industrial camera usually used for print inspection was used. The final images have 400x 400 pixels. Due to the object lens and distance to the investigated object gray-scale pictures with a resolution of about 660 dpi were gained. Wavelet Transform tool were used to extract features from images. Attribute Information: 1. variance of Wavelet Transformed image (continuous) 2. skewness of Wavelet Transformed image (continuous) 3. curtosis of Wavelet Transformed image (continuous) 4. entropy of image (continuous) 5. class (integer)

5 features

Class (target)nominal2 unique values
0 missing
V1numeric1338 unique values
0 missing
V2numeric1256 unique values
0 missing
V3numeric1270 unique values
0 missing
V4numeric1156 unique values
0 missing

107 properties

1372
Number of instances (rows) of the dataset.
5
Number of attributes (columns) of the dataset.
2
Number of distinct values of the target attribute (if it is nominal).
0
Number of missing values in the dataset.
0
Number of instances with at least one value missing.
4
Number of numeric attributes.
1
Number of nominal attributes.
1
Average class difference between consecutive instances.
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
1.09
Maximum skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
2.1
Minimum standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0
Percentage of missing values.
1.08
Third quartile of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
1.79
Third quartile of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
5.87
Maximum standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
44.46
Percentage of instances belonging to the least frequent class.
80
Percentage of numeric attributes.
Third quartile of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.08
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.01
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
Average entropy of the attributes.
610
Number of instances belonging to the least frequent class.
20
Percentage of nominal attributes.
0.78
Third quartile of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.85
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
0.14
Mean kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.94
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
First quartile of entropy among attributes.
5.48
Third quartile of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
0.64
Mean of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.16
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
-0.67
First quartile of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.08
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.01
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
Average mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.68
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
-0.79
First quartile of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.85
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
An estimate of the amount of irrelevant information in the attributes regarding the class. Equals (MeanAttributeEntropy - MeanMutualInformation) divided by MeanMutualInformation.
1
Number of binary attributes.
First quartile of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.96
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0
Standard deviation of the number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
2
Average number of distinct values among the attributes of the nominal type.
-0.87
First quartile of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.08
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
1
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
0.97
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
-0.12
Mean skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
2.29
First quartile of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.85
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
55.54
Percentage of instances belonging to the most frequent class.
3.78
Mean standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
Second quartile (Median) of entropy among attributes.
0.96
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.99
Entropy of the target attribute values.
1
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
762
Number of instances belonging to the most frequent class.
Minimal entropy among attributes.
0.03
Second quartile (Median) of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.83
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
Maximum entropy among attributes.
-0.75
Minimum kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.92
Second quartile (Median) of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.02
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.19
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
1.27
Maximum kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
-1.19
Minimum of means among attributes of the numeric type.
Second quartile (Median) of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.96
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.62
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
1.92
Maximum of means among attributes of the numeric type.
Minimal mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
-0.27
Second quartile (Median) of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.99
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
0
Number of attributes divided by the number of instances.
Maximum mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
2
The minimal number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
20
Percentage of binary attributes.
3.58
Second quartile (Median) of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.01
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
Number of attributes needed to optimally describe the class (under the assumption of independence among attributes). Equals ClassEntropy divided by MeanMutualInformation.
2
The maximum number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
-1.02
Minimum skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0
Percentage of instances having missing values.
Third quartile of entropy among attributes.

11 tasks

1 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Test on Training Data - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 5 times 2-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10 times 10-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Leave one out - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10% Holdout set - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 33% Holdout set - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 20% Holdout (Ordered) - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Learning Curve - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10 times 10-fold Learning Curve - target_feature: Class
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Interleaved Test then Train - target_feature: Class
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