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PhishingWebsites

PhishingWebsites

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Author: Rami Mustafa A Mohammad ( University of Huddersfield","rami.mohammad '@' hud.ac.uk","rami.mustafa.a '@' gmail.com) Lee McCluskey (University of Huddersfield","t.l.mccluskey '@' hud.ac.uk ) Fadi Thabtah (Canadian University of Dubai","fadi '@' cud.ac.ae) Source: UCI Please cite: Please refer to the Machine Learning Repository's citation policy Source: Rami Mustafa A Mohammad ( University of Huddersfield, rami.mohammad '@' hud.ac.uk, rami.mustafa.a '@' gmail.com) Lee McCluskey (University of Huddersfield,t.l.mccluskey '@' hud.ac.uk ) Fadi Thabtah (Canadian University of Dubai,fadi '@' cud.ac.ae) Data Set Information: One of the challenges faced by our research was the unavailability of reliable training datasets. In fact this challenge faces any researcher in the field. However, although plenty of articles about predicting phishing websites have been disseminated these days, no reliable training dataset has been published publically, may be because there is no agreement in literature on the definitive features that characterize phishing webpages, hence it is difficult to shape a dataset that covers all possible features. In this dataset, we shed light on the important features that have proved to be sound and effective in predicting phishing websites. In addition, we propose some new features. Attribute Information: For Further information about the features see the features file in the data folder. Relevant Papers: Mohammad, Rami, McCluskey, T.L. and Thabtah, Fadi (2012) An Assessment of Features Related to Phishing Websites using an Automated Technique. In: International Conferece For Internet Technology And Secured Transactions. ICITST 2012 . IEEE, London, UK, pp. 492-497. ISBN 978-1-4673-5325-0 Mohammad, Rami, Thabtah, Fadi Abdeljaber and McCluskey, T.L. (2014) Predicting phishing websites based on self-structuring neural network. Neural Computing and Applications, 25 (2). pp. 443-458. ISSN 0941-0643 Mohammad, Rami, McCluskey, T.L. and Thabtah, Fadi Abdeljaber (2014) Intelligent Rule based Phishing Websites Classification. IET Information Security, 8 (3). pp. 153-160. ISSN 1751-8709 Citation Request: Please refer to the Machine Learning Repository's citation policy

31 features

Result (target)nominal2 unique values
0 missing
having_IP_Addressnominal2 unique values
0 missing
URL_Lengthnominal3 unique values
0 missing
Shortining_Servicenominal2 unique values
0 missing
having_At_Symbolnominal2 unique values
0 missing
double_slash_redirectingnominal2 unique values
0 missing
Prefix_Suffixnominal2 unique values
0 missing
having_Sub_Domainnominal3 unique values
0 missing
SSLfinal_Statenominal3 unique values
0 missing
Domain_registeration_lengthnominal2 unique values
0 missing
Faviconnominal2 unique values
0 missing
portnominal2 unique values
0 missing
HTTPS_tokennominal2 unique values
0 missing
Request_URLnominal2 unique values
0 missing
URL_of_Anchornominal3 unique values
0 missing
Links_in_tagsnominal3 unique values
0 missing
SFHnominal3 unique values
0 missing
Submitting_to_emailnominal2 unique values
0 missing
Abnormal_URLnominal2 unique values
0 missing
Redirectnominal2 unique values
0 missing
on_mouseovernominal2 unique values
0 missing
RightClicknominal2 unique values
0 missing
popUpWidnownominal2 unique values
0 missing
Iframenominal2 unique values
0 missing
age_of_domainnominal2 unique values
0 missing
DNSRecordnominal2 unique values
0 missing
web_trafficnominal3 unique values
0 missing
Page_Ranknominal2 unique values
0 missing
Google_Indexnominal2 unique values
0 missing
Links_pointing_to_pagenominal3 unique values
0 missing
Statistical_reportnominal2 unique values
0 missing

107 properties

11055
Number of instances (rows) of the dataset.
31
Number of attributes (columns) of the dataset.
2
Number of distinct values of the target attribute (if it is nominal).
0
Number of missing values in the dataset.
0
Number of instances with at least one value missing.
0
Number of numeric attributes.
31
Number of nominal attributes.
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.87
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.89
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
15.06
An estimate of the amount of irrelevant information in the attributes regarding the class. Equals (MeanAttributeEntropy - MeanMutualInformation) divided by MeanMutualInformation.
23
Number of binary attributes.
0
First quartile of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.88
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.44
Standard deviation of the number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
0.05
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
2.26
Average number of distinct values among the attributes of the nominal type.
First quartile of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
0.9
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .001
Mean skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
First quartile of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.87
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.04
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
55.69
Percentage of instances belonging to the most frequent class.
Mean standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.7
Second quartile (Median) of entropy among attributes.
0.88
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 2
0.99
Entropy of the target attribute values.
0.92
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.lazy.IBk
6157
Number of instances belonging to the most frequent class.
0.26
Minimal entropy among attributes.
Second quartile (Median) of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.88
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
1.58
Maximum entropy among attributes.
Minimum kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
Second quartile (Median) of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.11
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
Maximum kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
Minimum of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0
Second quartile (Median) of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.88
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 3
0.77
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump
Maximum of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0
Minimal mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
Second quartile (Median) of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
0
Number of attributes divided by the number of instances.
0.5
Maximum mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
2
The minimal number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
74.19
Percentage of binary attributes.
Second quartile (Median) of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
1
Third quartile of entropy among attributes.
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
19.06
Number of attributes needed to optimally describe the class (under the assumption of independence among attributes). Equals ClassEntropy divided by MeanMutualInformation.
3
The maximum number of distinct values among attributes of the nominal type.
Minimum skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0
Percentage of instances having missing values.
Third quartile of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.51
Average class difference between consecutive instances.
0.89
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 1
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
Maximum skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
Minimum standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0
Percentage of missing values.
Third quartile of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.05
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
Maximum standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
44.31
Percentage of instances belonging to the least frequent class.
0
Percentage of numeric attributes.
0.04
Third quartile of mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.9
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .00001
0.83
Average entropy of the attributes.
4898
Number of instances belonging to the least frequent class.
100
Percentage of nominal attributes.
Third quartile of skewness among attributes of the numeric type.
0.87
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.DecisionStump -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.89
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 2
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
Mean kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
0.57
First quartile of entropy among attributes.
Third quartile of standard deviation of attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.96
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.05
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
Mean of means among attributes of the numeric type.
0.07
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
First quartile of kurtosis among attributes of the numeric type.
0.98
Area Under the ROC Curve achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.REPTree -L 1
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes -E "weka.attributeSelection.CfsSubsetEval -P 1 -E 1" -S "weka.attributeSelection.BestFirst -D 1 -N 5" -W
0.06
Error rate achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.RandomTree -depth 3
0.9
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.trees.J48 -C .0001
0.05
Average mutual information between the nominal attributes and the target attribute.
0.85
Kappa coefficient achieved by the landmarker weka.classifiers.bayes.NaiveBayes
First quartile of means among attributes of the numeric type.

13 tasks

7 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Leave one out - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 20% Holdout (Ordered) - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 33% Holdout set - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10% Holdout set - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Links_in_tags
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Test on Training Data - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10 times 10-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 5 times 2-fold Crossvalidation - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10 times 10-fold Learning Curve - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Learning Curve - target_feature: Result
0 runs - estimation_procedure: 10-fold Learning Curve - target_feature: on_mouseover
0 runs - estimation_procedure: Interleaved Test then Train - target_feature: Result
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