# Detective Fiction: Its Use as Literature and as History

## Chocolate and Ice Cream Across the Curriculum

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## Section IV Lesson Plans

Lesson 1: Language Arts

Procedure:

· Students will write original alliterations · Students will use prior knowledge to gain meaning from the lesson · Students will use journal writing as a means of exploring ideas encountered during an activity.

Journal Entry:

- 1. Students may work in partners or alone.
- 2. Have students choose a letter from the alphabet.
- 3. Encourage students to use resources such as a dictionary or thesaurus.
- 4. Have students brain storm words that begin with that letter.
- 5. Have students write each word in the appropriate catergory ( noun, verbs, adjectives) on the activity sheet.
- 6. Students will choose words from catergory and write an original ice cream alliteration.

Describe how you eat an ice cream cone.

Lesson 2: Math

Materials:

· Students will collect and organize data to answer a question or test a hypothesis by comparing sets of data. · Students will display data in graphs, tables and charts.

Procedure:

- Small packages of multi-colored chocolate candies
- Activity sheet

Journal Entry:

- 1. Give each student a package of candy and an activity sheet.
- 2. Have the student make their predictions.
- 3. Have students create a bar graph of their predictions
- 4. Have the students open their package of their candy and record their data on the activity sheet.
- 5. Have students create a bar graph based on their actual data.
- 6. Display students' graphs.

Look at the number of candies each of your classmates had in their packages. Why do you think that all the packages did not have the same amount of candy in each one?

Lesson 3: Science

Scientific Concept: Sand is a dense material. This means that many very small particles are tightly packed into each "cup." Cotton balls are not a dense material. By applying pressure they can be forces together giving the cup greater weight.

· Students will develop their observation techniques. · Students will form inferences from observations. · Students will measure volume and weight in standard and metric units. · Students will compare volume and weight. · Students will recognize definitions based on observations.

Materials:

Procedure:

- Clean empty carton from ice cream
- Sand and cotton balls
- Standard or metric measuring cups and scale

Journal Entry: What would happen if ice cream was sold by weight?

- 1. Divide the class into pairs or small groups.
- 2. Read the first paragraph of the activity sheet with the class.
- 3. Explain the definitions of volume and weight that are one the activity sheet.
- 4. Have students do the first experiment for volume on the activity sheet.
- 5. Have the students do the second experiment for weight on the activity sheet.

### Lesson 4: Science How to lift and classify fingerprints

Materials:Procedure:

- Talcum powder or graphite powder
- Wide clear tape
- A soft feather
- Latex gloves one pair per student
- Clean items from which to lift fingerprints (one item for each child)
- Magnifying glasses
- Activity sheet

Journal Entry:

- 1. Have each student choose an item to lift their finger prints from. Using gloves the teacher will distribute the items.
- 2. Explain that if an item is light colored or clear like a glass jar graphite powder is used. If the item is a dark colored object then talcum powder is used. Distribute the appropriate powders to students
- 3. Using their right hand, have the students pick up their item.
- 4. Instruct the students to then put on their gloves.
- 5. Have the students follow the directions on the activity sheet for lifting and classifying their fingerprints.

- How could the Box Car Children used this experiment to solve their mystery?

### Lesson 5: Social Studies Inventions and Innovations in the History of Ice Cream

Materials:

· Students will gain understanding of the importance of chronology in history. · Students will use various print resources. · Students will use technological resources in their research.

Procedure:

- Large banner paper
- Reference books on ice cream
- Markers, crayons

- 1. Divide the class into small groups.
- 2. Divide the banner paper into ten equal segments that represent centuries from 1700 to 2000.
- 3. Have each group choose a topic they wish to research. Use topics provided on the teacher resource sheet.
- 4. As a class have students research and illustrate their topics.